The resumption of flights in China, Asia’s top jet fuel consumer, should provide a tail wind for a recovery in demand for aviation fuel across Asia in 2023 although the journey could be a bumpy one.
Among oil products, jet fuel is expected to be the last to return to pre-COVID demand levels in Asia as countries have various rules on reopening borders and quarantine measures that may deter travelers. A full recovery in jet fuel consumption will boost Asian refiners’ margins and crude demand further, lifting global prices.
China relaxed COVID-19 restrictions in early December, prompting airlines to add more domestic flights.
In the week of Dec. 18, the number of operating flights in China rose by 41.7% from a week earlier to 51,000, Variflight data showed.
Domestic air passenger volumes rose for a second consecutive week to 5.137 million, up 39% from the previous week, even though it was still 13% lower than a year ago, it added.
That led to a 75% rebound, or nearly 170,000 barrels per day (bpd), in China’s jet fuel demand in the last two weeks, Kayrros data showed.
That surge in demand should carry over to next year. The International Energy Agency expects China’s jet fuel demand to rise in 2023 by 43% from a year earlier to 701,000 bpd, according to its latest monthly report, though this would still be lower than the 733,000-bpd consumed in 2021.
“Demand in China for jet fuel is the key to change fundamentals,” said KY Lin, spokesperson at Formosa Petrochemical Corp, Asia’s leading fuel exporter.
The increase in Chinese jet travel is part of a broader jump across Asia that should boost fuel consumption in 2023.
Scheduled airline capacities from northeast and southeast Asia are up by 22% and 73%, respectively, in the first half of December, according to global travel data provider OAG, boosted by holiday travel and as more countries open their doors to tourists.
Already, export-oriented refiners in South Korea and Taiwan have sold 2023 jet fuel supplies at premiums of $2-$3 a barrel above Singapore benchmark prices, up from about 50 cents a barrel or less for 2022 supplies, reflecting a positive demand outlook for Asia, a Singapore-based trader said.
China has aimed to increase the number of flights and restore the country’s average daily passenger volumes to 70% of 2019 levels by Jan. 6, financial news outlet Caixin reported, citing a document from the aviation regulator.
However, forecasts for several waves of COVID-19 infections across the world’s most populous country could deter travellers and hamper a full jet fuel demand recovery in the short term, several China-based fuel traders said.
A total recovery hinges on the resumption of international flights which consume more fuel, they added.
Additionally, should growing domestic demand for the fuel ultimately materialise, it may lead Chinese majors to curb exports, said FPCC spokesman KY Lin.
State refiners have boosted fuel exports after Beijing unexpectedly allocated a big batch of quotas in October to boost its economy, against a backdrop of healthy jet fuel cracks .
China’s jet fuel exports surged above 1 million tonnes per month between September and November, almost 50% higher than the January-August monthly average, customs data showed.
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